RezeroLab Data

Dependence on importation of materials

Data from Europe

This indicator determines the degree to which an economy depends on imports to meet its material needs.

Currently, it is of vital importance to control and reduce dependence on imports, especially of fossil materials and critical metals.

Therefore, the circular use of materials already on the market can reduce the environmental impacts suffered by the EU and increase the autonomy and resilience of its economy.

Evolution of the dependence on importation of materials in the EU


In 2022, the EU’s dependence on material imports was 22.4%, in comparison to 21.9% in 2008.
The largest increase in material import dependence between 2008 and 2022 corresponds to biomass and fossil energy materials, with 52% and 71% dependence, respectively, on imports from the rest of the world.