RezeroLab Data

Self-sufficiency on raw materials

Data from Europe

Raw materials are essential for the economic development of the EU, as the secondary sector and a large part of the primary and tertiary sectors depend on them.

It is now vital to control and reduce dependence on imports to ensure stability in the European economy and control over the recirculation of materials, which is key to the transition to a more circular economy.

This indicator shows the degree of self-sufficiency of supply of various raw materials widely used in the EU.

Self-sufficiency of the EU on several common raw materials


The degree of EU self-sufficiency is considerably different for each raw material.

In addition, it should be noted that, for most raw materials, the supply from recycling is lower than the total demand, because primary extraction is usually cheaper than recycling (due to an expensive collection and separation).